TOEFL IBT Listening Practice Test 24 Solution & Transcripts

TOEFL IBT LISTENING PRACTICE TEST 24 FROM TOEFL IBT NAVIGATOR SOLUTION

KEY

1.D

2. A

3. A

4. C

5. D

6. C

7. C

8. NO/ YES / NO/ YES/ YES

9. D

10. C

11. C

12. B

13. D

14. C

15. B

16. D

17. B

18. B

19. A

20.

Practical  Academic
Understand the dynamics of a small staff  X
Support his personal needs  X
Satisfy a requirement for his class  X
Save time on travel  X
Not Interfere with his class schedule  X

21. C

22. D

23. B

24. A, D

25.

Step
1  E. Snow covers the surface and melts and freezes.
2  A. Ice becomes grainy.
3  D. Granular ice turns into a thick glacial ice.
4  B. Force of upper layers of ice makes lower layers move.

26. C

27. B

28.

 

Yes No
Drying out of lakes that are filled by runoff  X
Fomnation of new lakes from melting glaciers  X
Bursting of dams and reservoirs from excess runoff  X
Reduction of meltwater for agricultural purposes  X
Dying out of plants and animals dependent on glacieMed water  X

29. C

30. B

31. C

32. B

33. A, D

34. A

——————————————————————————-TOEFL IBT Listening Practice Test 24 Solution & Transcripts

TOEFL IBT LISTENING PRACTICE TEST 24 FROM TOEFL IBT NAVIGATOR TRANSCRIPTS || Gap-Filling

N: NARRATOR              M: MALE STUDENT               F: FEMALE STUDENT

N: Listen to a conversation between two students.

M: So have you thought of an […………………………] to do a report on?

F: I was hoping you had one In mind.

M: As a matter of fact, I do, but I thought I’d give you the first shot. I was thinking of doing Aldo Rossi.

F: Aldo Rossi? The name sounds […………………………].

M: He Is Itaflan. He studied at the […………………………]University in Milan.

F: Weil, does he meet the […………………………]that the professor gave? I mean, he has to be an […………………………]architect. I’ve never even heard of him.

M: Well, maybe a lot of people have never heard of him, but he’s actually one of the most influential architects in the world, especially during the period […………………………] to […………………………].

F: Is that right? Well, what exactly did he […………………………]?

M: Um, It wasn’t |ust what he […………………………]as an architect, but his theory about how cities should be designed. Well, have you ever heard of 1he Carlo Felloe Theater in Genoa?

F: Uh, no.

M: The old Carlo Felice Theater was bombed in […………………………]. so Rossi was given the task of […………………………]the theater. Well, what he did was, he didn’t actually replace it. He kept the old […………………………], but he added new space and […………………………]to the theater. What I really like about this Is It shows his […………………………]for cities, for the history of a city and, um, keeping its memories […………………………],

F: Is this something that you see in a lot of his works—this respect for city?

M: Yes, that’s why I thought he’d make a good topic for our report. Since the professor wants us to highlight something special about the architect, I thought Aldo Rossi would be perfect. Actually, his […………………………]about cities is really beautiful.

F: OK, well, maybe we ought to start off our report by talking about this theory.

M: Yes, exactly, So why don’t we divide up the work now? I was thinking of […………………………]on the theory.

F: Is there enough Information about this theory for you to do a […………………………]report?

M: Sure! He even wrote a book on It. It’s called “The Architecture of a City,”

F: Well, It looks like you’ve been doing a lot of […………………………].

M: Actually, I had a couple of other architects in mind, but Rossi’s book made such good reading that I knew I wanted to do a report on him.

F: OK, great! So I guess you expect me to talk about some of his […………………………]works that support his theory?

M: Yes, and I’ve got some really wonderful buildings in mind. 

 

N: NARRATOR                 P: PROFESSOR

N: Listen to a talk on city planning In the United States.

P: Let’s start. OK, I’d like to talk about city planning in America. Uh … city planning is from […………………………] times. There Is evidence of street systems and neatly laid-out water […………………………]in […………………………]ancient cities. Well, what we want to learn is what affected […………………………] century American city planning.

When the […………………………]arrived in the New World, their big concern was […………………………]. Many of them had come from lands with severe economic problems, so the colonizers planned their cities […………………………]to support business. No one was assigned to do the planning. […………………………]of a town were designed by a family or even an Individual. So, city planning at the time was fairly […………………………], with the Spanish, French, Dutch and English […………………………] […………………………]their own plans In whatever […………………………]they had claimed. Obviously, these colonizers being European […………………………], the cities of Europe had a bearing on early city planning In America. Basically, European cities were designed for […………………………]and to allow for free movement of the […………………………]. You’ll find the same ideas In the cities of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Massachusetts and New York. The colonizers used a […………………………]pian. This is a type of plan where the streets run at right […………………………]to each other, going north-south and east-west, Hence, grid. It’s […………………………]a very ancient plan … it was used In Babylon and In the […………………………]Peruvian city known as Chan Chan.

But uh … there came a point when change made it necessary for the colonizers to […………………………]the space available to them. You know, rapid development always […………………………]change. The Industrial Revolution, for example. Factories and plants […………………………]people living in rural areas … so when the population of the cities in the north […………………………], well, it became the city planners’ goal to keep the city from becoming […………………………]and dirty.

Now you remember the […………………………]layout? Well, that layout may have served Its purpose at the start when there were […………………………]people, but It caused problems in New York. It was a […………………………]that Ignored the natural […………………………]of the area, And It forced the direction of Manhattan’s growth to move […………………………]. Well, this  resulted in more […………………………]. And, In fact, the […………………………]layout was repeated in communities all over the nation with the […………………………]that cities In America were crowded and had health problems. So … city planners had to make […………………………]to prevent further […………………………]of the landscape. Sanitation became the primary focus. That made a new profession— […………………………]. Well, that was one change.

Another change … which was on the […………………………]side, cities had more […………………………]and gardens. Frederick Law Oimsted, a landscape architect, made city plans that Included a system of public parks. He designed parks for New York City, Buffaio, Niagara Falls, Boston, Louisville, Kentucky, and Chicago. His designs were a big […………………………]on American cities, which all have parks or some places for people to enjoy the […………………………]. Then there was the Frenchman Georges¬Eugene Haussmann. In his plans for the city of Paris, he designed wide avenues, parks and […………………………], and he saw to it that housing and sanitation, and water supply and […………………………]disposal … that these met the standards set by the government. Perhaps what stood out about Haussmann’s plan Is that he, he placed the […………………………]stations in a circle outside the old Paris and made very broad streets from the stations to the center of […………………………]. This allowed for better traffic flow. It was a plan that was meant to take social equity into […………………………], Haussmann Implemented zoning regulations that became a sort of […………………………]for city planners in America.

Well, let me just say that Haussmann wasn’t the […………………………]of those Ideas. The Homans had a […………………………]plan that incorporated proper drainage and clean water supplies. Rome as well as some cities In England had zoning laws. But the city planning of the past […………………………]the poor, who were […………………………]into less space … and when security was an Issue, this resulted in very […………………………]streets. The Renaissance brought […………………………]streets, but this wasn’t being Implemented on the whole—It was just certain […………………………]of European cities that enjoyed special […………………………].

New York City adopted zoning laws in […………………………]and these were constantly being […………………………]until It became the Regional Survey of New York and Environs of […………………………], which took Into consideration factors such as legal, social, economic … not Just […………………………]. You know, previously, if a local government wanted to […………………………]the design of a city, they simply replaced the older buildings with new ones geared for low and middle-lncome […………………………]. But, uh, with the Influx of people from the south, this […………………………]approach didn’t do anything to solve the problem of […………………………]and the consequences of overcrowding—slum areas. So the city planners learned that If you want a beautiful, functional city, you’re going to have to take the […………………………]aspect Into consideration. And it involves the planning of the whole city, not just a part of It. And to be able to do this, there has to be […………………………]between agencies and local governments.

TOEFL IBT Listening Practice Test 24 Solution & Transcripts
5 (100%) 2 votes

Leave a Reply