TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 10 Solution & Explanation

SOLUTION & EXPLANATION FOR TOEFL IBT READING PRACTICE TEST 09 ( FROM TOEFL IBT IVY’S READING 15 ACTUAL TESTS)

KEY

1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (A) 5. (D) 6. (A) 7. (B) 8. (B) 9. (C) 10. (A) 11. (A) 12.(C) 13.0 14. (B), (D), (F)

1. Factual Information | (C)

Q. In paragraph 1, the author states that the intention of the New Deal was to

Why? -See Clue 1(C)[lines 8-10]

Why Not? (A), (B), (D) Not mentioned

 

2. Vocabulary i (B)

Q. The word platform in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? policy can replace platform in this context. —See Clue 2(B)[lines 7-8]

platform n. main ideas and goals of a political party

policy n. course of action taken by a government

 

3. Sentence Simplification I (C)

Q. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

Why? The stated goal of the WPA was to provide people with jobs // that would not only serve the public good but would allow those workers involved to utilize their specific talents and skills and receive a sense of fulfillment as well.

Why Not? (A), (D) Information that the WPA contributed to the public good is left out.

(B) Not mentioned

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 10 Solution & Explanation

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 10 Solution & Explanation

4. Vocabulary I (A)

Q. The word  inception in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? launch can replace inception in this context. —See Clue 4(A)[lines 32-34]

inception n. beginning of an organization or institution

 launch n. promotion of something new

 

5. Inference i (D)

Q. It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that the largest proportion of workers in the Federal Art Project

Why? (D) can be inferred from the information in lines 39-41. —See Clue 5(D)

Why Not? (A), (B) Not supported / (C) Incorrect —See lines 44-45

 

6. Reference I (A)

Q. The word it in the passage refers to

Why? This program divided its resources between education and performance, and thousands of local concerts were held all over the country. Like the Federal Art Project, it carried out the documentation of older, sometimes obscure sources of American music, including regional folk songs. —See Clue 6(A)[lines 55-62]

 

7. Inference I (B)

Q. What can be inferred from paragraph 6 about the Federal Writers Project?

Why? (B) can be inferred from the information in lines 82-85. —See Clue 7(B)

Why Not? (A), (C), (D) Not supported

 

8. Negative Fact I (B)

Q. According to the passage, all of the Federal One projects addressed some form of American history EXCEPT

Why Not? (A) Mentioned in 76-78 / (C) Mentioned in 49-51 / (D) Mentioned in 59-62

 

9. Factual Information I (C)

Q. According to the passage, which Federal One program employed the most people at a single time?

Why? -See Clue 9(C)[lines 53-55, 62-63, 70-72, 79-82]

 

10. Vocabulary I (A)

Q. The word outright in the passage is closest in meaning to

 Why? entirely can replace outright in this context. —See Clue 10(A)[lines 93-94]

outright adv. totally and completely

entirely adv. completely and wholly

 

11. Rhetorical Purpose I (A)

Q. Why does the author mention wartime industries in paragraph 7?

Why? Wartime industries is mentioned as a reason why the WPA was dissolved. The author explains that large numbers of the unemployed found work in the wartime industries, and as a result, the WPA was not needed any longer. —See Clue 11(A)[lines 100-103]

 

12. Vocabulary I (C)

Q. The word procure in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? obtain can replace procure in this context. —See Clue 12(C)[lines 94-98]

procure v. to obtain something not commonly found

obtain v. to get something that you desire

 

13. Insert Text | [A]

Q. Look at the four squares [] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

Q. Why? Even larger was the Federal Music Project, which had more than 15,000 registered employees  in the same year. [A] The high number probably reflected the fact that two-thirds of musicians were unemployed during the Great Depression. This program divided its resources between education and performance, and thousands of local concerts were held all over the country. [B]

“The high number” in the given sentence refers to “more than 15,000 registered employees.

 

14. Prose Summary

Q. Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points.

Why? During the Great Depression, the American government created cultural jobs for unemployed professional workers through the Federal One agency of the WPA.

 

Correct Answer Choices Clues in the passage
(B) Federal One addressed the needs of people not accustomed to construction jobs, employing 40,000 such workers in various programs in its first year. Clue 14(B)[lines 20-26] Previous New Deal programs had focused almost solely on construction projects, for which some of the more specialized segments of the population were unsuited. Artists, teachers, office workers, writers, performers, and musicians … also needed work.

[lines 31-34] Consisting of five different programs, it had employed 40,000 various cultural workers within one year of its inception.

(D) Most Federal One programs focused not only on the creation of cultural products but also on the preservation of historical American culture. Clue 14(D)[lines 38-41] the Federal Art Project, which concentrated roughly half its resources on the production of art

[lines 50-51] documenting the history of American art

[lines 59-62] it (the Federal Music Project) carried out the documentation of older, sometimes obscure sources of American music, including regional folk songs

[lines 76-77] they (publications by the Federal Writers Project) also included large amounts of information on the history

(F) Four of the five Federal One programs continued for a few years even after Congress cut their budgets, and they left a lasting influence on the country. Clue 14(F)[lines 89-91] succeeded in persuading Congress to reorganize the WPA. Its emphasis was shifted even further toward construction projects [lines 93-94] the Federal Theatre Project was eliminated outright

[lines 98-100] the remaining projects continued to hire workers and carry out their various functions [lines 103-105] Its legacy, including that of the Federal One programs, is still present throughout the U.S.

► The whole passage focuses on the creation of cultural jobs through the Federal One agency of the WPA during the Great Depression. And it follows that <(B) Employment in the area of culture through the Federal One agency —* (D) The contents of the Federal One programs — (F) End of Federal One and its influence) » See 24. (B)

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 10 Solution & Explanation
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