TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 11 Solution & Explanation




1. (B) 2.(C) 3.(C) 4. (A) 5. (A) 6. (A) 7. (B) 8. (D) 9.(C) 10 (D) 11. (C) 12. Black-figure Style: (B), (H), (I) / Red-figure Style: (A), (C), (E), (F)

1. Factual Information I (B)

Q. According to paragraph 1, which of the following best explains why Greek pottery is valuable to historians?

Why? -See Clue 1(B)[lines 7-10]

► … the Greeks’ pottery is an essential source of historical information because so much of it survives today.

Why Not? (A), (C) Not mentioned / (D) Incorrect —See Clue line 10


2. Reference I (C)

Q. The word it in the passage refers to

Why? Analysis of ancient Greek pottery paintings shows several distinct periods, each capitalizing on and advancing the style that preceded it. —See Clue 2(C)[lines 18-21]

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 11 Solution & Explanation

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 11 Solution & Explanation

3. Sentence Simplification I (C)

Q. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

Why? This gradual progression parallels developments in other areas of Greek society // —how their cultural interest shifted from a mythology of gods and heroes to the events of their own lives, // as they replaced the mythological figures in their pottery paintings with images of everyday Greeks.

Why Not? (A), (D) Incorrect

(B) Information about the relationship between the change of the pottery paintings and that of Greek society is left out.


4. Rhetorical Purpose I (A)

Q. Why does the author mention abstract shapes in paragraph 2?

Why? Abstract shapes are mentioned as a commencement of the development of Greek pottery painting styles. —See Clue 4(A)[lines 27-34]


5. Vocabulary I (A)

Q. The word imposed in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? established can replace imposed in this context —See Clue 5(A)[lines 65-66]

impose v. to apply as compulsory m

establish v. to bring about permanently or concretely


6. Factual Information I (A)

Q. According to paragraph 4, what is the main weakness of the black-figure style?

Why? —See Clue 6{A)[lines 64-67]

► The primary drawback of the black-figure style was the constraints imposed by the tools used to etch designs in the black slip …


7. Vocabulary I (B)

Q.  The word  visualize in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? imagine can replace visualize in this context [vis- = see] ~See Clue 7(B)[lines 72-75]

visualize v. to form a picture of something in one’s mind

imagine v. to form a mental image of something


8. Factual Information I (D)

Q. According to paragraph 6, what was the most significant achievement of the red-figure style?

Why? «-See Clue 8(D)[lines 94-101]

► By then painting details directly on the red clay instead of etching lines to remove slip, artists were able to make finer, more precise accents that increased the realism of figures’ hair, muscles, and skin. This style’s potential for naturalism led to a focus on facial expressions and motion that enriched the narrative …

Why Not? (A) Incorrect **See lines 94-96/(B) Mentioned in lines 91-94, but not the most significant achievement / (C) Not mentioned


9. Factual Information I (C)

Q. According to the passage, a sense of depth in pottery paintings

Why? -See Clue 9<C) lines 87-89]

Why Not? (A), (B) Incorrect —See lines 87-89/(D) Not mentioned


10. Vocabulary I (D)

Q. The word apex in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? summit can replace apex in this context. —See Clue 10)D)[lines 101-102]

• apex n. top or highest peak

• summit n. highest state or degree


11. Insert Text | (C)

Q. Look at the four squares [|] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

Why? [A] Early pottery decorations were composed of abstract shapes and lines that did not represent human activities. [B]Then,… the Greeks began to decorate their pottery using more realistically painted  human and animal figures. [C] This shift from abstract decoration to the first human figure drawing was important in the evolution toward the more sophisticated styles of pottery painting that appeared later. It was not until Greek artists began producing black-figure-style paintings, however, that Greek pottery  gained maturity as a fine art. [D]

► “This shift” in the given sentence refers to the preceding information that pottery decorations changed from abstract shapes to realistic shapes.


12. Schematic Table

Q. Directions: Complete the table by matching the phrases below. Select the appropriate phrases from the answer choices and match them to the style of pottery painting to which they relate. TWO of the answer choices will NOT be used. This question is worth 4 points.


Why Not? (D) Mentioned in lines 30-34, but true of before the black-figure style, so belongs to neither of the two styles / (G) Mentioned in lines 27-30, but true of before the black-figure style, so belongs to neither of the two styles


  Correct answer choices Clues in the passage
Black-figure Style (B) Featured solid black silhouettes rather than outlined figures Clue 12(B)[lines 42-44] Abandoning the practice of drawing outlined images, artists working in the black-figure style created silhouettes, figures that were completely black

[lines 47-49] By creating solid figures … artists working in the black-figure style

created human forms

(H) Created details by carving into slip to expose a clay surface Clue 12(H)[lines 60-61] by etching details into the silhouettes painted in slip, artists exposed the clay beneath
(1) Required etching tools for drawing images on the pottery Clue 12(1 Klines 64-67] The primary drawback of the black-figure style was the constraints imposed by the tools used to etch designs in the black slip
Red-figure Style (A) Was practically the reverse of the style that preceded it Clue 12(A)[lines 90-91] In essentially the reverse of the black-figure-style process, red-figure-style artists
(C) Employed a technique that created a sense of depth on a flat surface Clue 12(C)[lines 75-77] Artists began to create an illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface
(E) Produced images by painting the background but not the figures Clue 12(E)[lines 91-94] red-figure-style artists painted the backgrounds of their pictures black and let the red clay show through as shapes in the foreground
  (F) Is considered the finest development in Greek pottery painting Clue 12(F)[lines 98-102] This style(red-figure styleKs potential for naturalism led to a focus on facial expressions and motion that enriched the narrative, advancing Greek pottery design to its apex.

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 11 Solution & Explanation
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