TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 13 Solution & Explanation

SOLUTION & EXPLANATION FOR TOEFL IBT READING PRACTICE TEST 13 ( FROM TOEFL IBT IVY’S READING 15 ACTUAL TESTS)

KEY 

1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (0) 4. (B) 5. (A) 6. (B) 7. (D) 8. (B) 9. (B) 10. (B) 11. (D) 12. H 13. (B), (D), (E)

1. Sentence Simplification I (B)

Q. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

Why? Two European branches of Indo-European are particularly important // to consider when looking at the history of how English developed: Germanic languages and the Romance languages, such as French, Italian, and Spanish, which have their roots in Latin.

Why Not? (A) Minor

(C) Information that Germanic languages and the Romance languages influenced the development of English is left out.

(D) Not mentioned

 

2. Factual Information I (A)

Q. According to paragraph 1 and paragraph 2, which of the following is true about the English language?

Why? -See Clue 2(A)[lines 1-6]

Why Not? (B) Incorrect —See lines 13-14 /(C) Incorrect —See lines 10-11, 13-14, 18-211 (D) Incorrect — See lines 1-6

 

3. Factual Information I (D)

Q. According to paragraph 3, which of the following is true about Old English?

Why? -See Clue 3{D)[lines 25-28]

► They spoke two dialects of West Germanic that were similar to one another, and these dialects merged into what we today call Old English …

Why Not? <A) The passage says that the Celtic and Viking languages influenced Old English in lines 32-34, but it does not say that they mostly influenced it / (B) Incorrect –See lines 23-29/(C) Not mentioned

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 13 Solution & Explanation

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 13 Solution & Explanation

4. Reference I (B)

Q. The word This in the passage refers to

Why? The Normans spoke a dialect of Old French known as Anglo-Norman, which had both French and Germanic influences. This became the chosen language of the upper class of England … “-See Clue 4<B)[lines 39-431

 

5. Vocabulary I (A)

Q. The word  sever in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? break can replace sever in this context. Clue 5<A)[lines 46-49]

sever v. to put an end to or break up (a relationship)

• break. to discontinue a relationship, an association, or an agreement

 

6. Factual Information I (B)

Q.  In paragraph 4, the author states that

Why? ~See Clue 6(B)[lines 42-46]

► This became the chosen language of the upper class of England, the Normans, for more than one hundred years, while the majority of people continued to speak Old English.

Why Not? (A) Incorrect **See lines 42-46/ (C) Incorrect See lines 46-49/(D) Incorrect **See lines 53-56

 

7. Rhetorical Purpose I (D)

Q. Why does the author discuss current English speakers in paragraph 4?

Why? Current English speakers are discussed in order to explain that Middle English can be read by them unlike Old English. The author emphasizes the difference between Middle English and Old English by mentioning them. -‘See Clue 7(D)[lines 53-56]

 

8. Vocabulary I (B)

Q. The word  proliferation in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? rapid creation can replace proliferation in this context **See Clue 8(B)[lines 85-87]

proliferation n. increase in the amount of something

rapid creation sudden formation of something

 

9. Rhetorical Purpose I (B)

Q. In paragraph 6, the author describes the “Great Vowel Shift” by

Why? The “Great Vowel Shift” is described by giving an example of a difference between Modem English and Middle English in the pronunciation of “e” at the end of the words, See Clue 9(B)[lines 86-84]

 

10. Inference I (B)

Q. Based on the information in paragraph 5 and paragraph 6, what can be inferred about how Middle English changed into Modem English?

Why? (B) can be inferred from combining the information in lines 61-62 and lines 84-86. –See Clue 10(B)

Why Not? (A) Incorrect –See lines 77-80/ (C) Incorrect **See lines 81-84/ (D) Not supported

 

11. Rhetorical Purpose I (D)

Q. In paragraph 7, why does the author mention computer?

m: Why? Computers are mentioned as an example of an area that requires new terminology due to constant technological advances. -‘See Clue 11(D)[lines 96-100]

 

12. Insert Text [A]

Q. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

Why? When the Normans, residents of what is now a region of France, invaded and conquered England, the English language was forever changed. [A] What emerged was in many ways a new language with few ties to the old. The Normans spoke a dialect of Old French known as Anglo-Norman, which had both French  and Germanic influences. [B]

 

13. Prose Summary

Q. Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points

Why? The history of English, from the origins of the Germanic tongues to the language we speak today, has been marked by many changes.

 

Correct Answer Choices Clues in the passage
(B) Anglo-Saxon invaders of Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries combined two versions of West Germanic to create Old English. Clue 13(B)[lines 23-28] In the fifth and sixth centuries AD, West Germanic invaders called the Angles and the Saxons came to the British Isles. They spoke two dialects of West Germanic that were similar to one another, and these dialects merged into what we today call Old English
(D) Old English mixed with a dialect called Anglo-Norman to produce Middle English, which eventually became the official language of Britain. Clue 13(D)[lines 51-53] This new language, which was a combination of Anglo-Norman and Old English, is now known as Middle English.

[lines 57-58] English had become the official language of England

(E) Modern English emerged as a result of various phonological, technological, and social changes and has continued to absorb new vocabulary. Clue 13(E)[lines 61-64] During the Renaissance, English changed again … many Latin and Greek words were introduced into English

[lines 67-68] many other completely original words were

introduced into English

[lines 74-75] the “Great Vowel Shift”

[lines 85-87] the invention of the printing press and the subsequent proliferation of books [lines 96-98] Technological advances have made necessary the creation of words to describe new objects, processes, …

[lines 102-105] Another reason for the evolving vocabularies has been the increasing communication between and migration of people all over the world.

► The whole passage focuses on the origin and development of the English language. And it follows that ((B) Creation of Old English —► (D) Progression into Middle English —* (E) Evolution to Modern English and continuing changes) **See

Why Not? (A) Incorrect -■See lines 17-191 (C) Not mentioned / (F) Information that technological advances influenced the introduction of the foreign languages is not mentioned.

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 13 Solution & Explanation
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