TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 43 from TOEFL iBT Activator Reading Intermediate
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Reading Directions: This section measures your ability to understand academic passages in English.
The Reading section is divided into separately timed parts.
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Most questions are worth 1 point, but the last question for each passage is worth more than 1 point. The directions for the last question indicate how many points you may receive. You will now begin the Reading section. There are three passages in the section. You should allow 20 minutes to read each passage and answer the questions about it. You should allow 60 minutes to complete the entire section.
At the end of this Practice Test, you will find an answer key, information to help you determine your score, and explanations of the answers.
Passage 1: Geese
P1: The name geese is used for birds belonging to one family called Anatidae. They include swans and ducks. However, there are two types of geese that people are acquainted with. These are gray geese from the Anser family and black geese from the Branta family. Geese are found in Europe, Asia and North America. They are migratory birds that breed in the north and go south for the winter.
P2: Geese are generally the same wherever they may be found. They have a tail, head and neck that are black. The cheeks have a white patch and the body is white and various shades of brown. Their length varies from about 25 to 45 inches. Male and female geese look very much alike, although the male may be slightly bigger and have a higher-pitched voice.
P3: Geese are more land birds than water birds. Their legs are farther up front on their bodies than those of ducks. This makes it easier for them to walk on land. They get their food by grazing grasses and grain in the spring field. A flock of geese can make a lot of noise, especially when a stranger comes near.
P4: The most unusual thing about geese is their behavior to imprint. When a baby goose is born, it believes that it is the same species as any moving object it first sees. A Thus, if it sees a human being first, it will believe that it is also a human. Scientists do not know why imprinting happens. B Imprinting allows the formation of a strong bond between the hatchling and the parent or whoever the young bird sees. Geese that imprint a human being at birth treat the human like a parent when young, and as the geese grow older they may not try to mate with the other geese. C Hence, it is important for farmers or other people living with geese to make sure that the first living thing a baby goose sees is another goose. The capacity to imprint can also be seen in ducks, but animals such as cats and dogs do not imprint. Although they are born and see a human being first, they know immediately that they are not humans.D
Directions: Mark your answer by filling in the oval next to your choice.
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) A comparison of Anatidae family such as geese, ducks and swans
(B) How geese migrate during the winter and their special features
(C) The biological features of geese and their imprinting ability
(D) The importance of geese’s imprinting and comparing geese with dogs
2. The word acquainted in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
3. All of the following are typical features of common geese EXCEPT
(A) are bluish-gray color with a white head
(B) range between 25 and 45 inches long
(C) have a black tail, head and neck
(D) are able to walk on land longer than ducks
4. Which of the sentences best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence? Incorrect answer choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
(A) The male and female geese are similar, but the male is a bit larger and its voice is higher.
(B) Although male and female geese resemble each other, they are different in size.
(C) Male geese are larger than female geese because of this their voice is higher.
(D) The higher-pitched voice of the male geese is the only thing that differentiates it from the female geese.
5. The word This in paragraph 3 refers to
(A) grazing grasses and grain
(B) legs farther up front on their bodies
(C) walk on land
(D) more land birds than water birds
6. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.
“They think it might be an instinct for survival.”
7. According to paragraph 4, some baby geese become attached to human beings because
(A) humans care for them properly.
(B) they walk on land just like human beings.
(C) a human being is the first thing they see when they are born.
(D) geese have an emotional connection for human beings.
8. What is the author’s opinion of newborn geese?
(A) They can survive best by bonding to other geese.
(B) They should develop an instinct for survival.
(C) They should be exposed to their own kind.
(D) They cannot grow properly on farms.
9. Why does the author mention cats and dogs?
(A) To give an example of other animals that are able to imprint
(B) To suggest that some animals do not imprint because they hate water
(C) To argue that animals can develop the capacity to imprint
(D) To explain that not all animals have the behavior pattern to imprint
10. Directions: Complete the summary below by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage and arrange them in the correct order. An introductory sentence is given.
“Geese belong to a family called Anatidae.”
(A) Geese are seen more on land than on water.
(B) All geese eat grass and grains.
(C) Geese are some of the noisiest birds existing.
(D) Geese have some similar physical characteristics.
(E) Geese latch onto the first moving object they see when they are born.
(F) Geese prefer to imprint human beings.