TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 47 from The Official Guide to the TOEFL Test

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 47 from The Official Guide to the TOEFL Test

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Reading Directions: This section measures your ability to understand academic passages in English.

The Reading section is divided into separately timed parts.

Most questions are worth 1 point, but the last question for each passage is worth more than 1 point. The directions for the last question indicate how many points you may receive. You will now begin the Reading section. There are three passages in the section. You should allow 20 minutes to read each passage and answer the questions about it. You should allow 60 minutes to complete the entire section.

Passage 1: 

P1: Hotels were among the earliest facilities that bound the United States together. They were both creatures and creators of communities, as well as symptoms of the frenetic
quest for community. Even in the first part of the nineteenth century, Americans were already forming the habit of gathering from all corners of the nation for both public and private, business and pleasure purposes. Conventions were the new occasions, and hotels were distinctively American facilities making conventions possible. The first national convention of a major party to choose a candidate for President (that of the National Republican party, which met on December 12, 1831, and nominated Henry Clay for President) was held in Baltimore, at a hotel that was then reputed to be the best in the country. The presence in Baltimore of Barnum’s City Hotel, a six-story building with two hundred apartments, helps explain why many other early national political conventions were held there.

P2: In the longer run, too. American hotels made other national conventions not only possible but pleasant and convivial. The growing custom of regularly assembling from afar the representatives of all kinds of groups – not only for political conventions, but also for commercial, professional, learned, and avocational ones – in turn supported the multiplying hotels. By mid-twentieth century, conventions accounted for over a third of the yearly room occupancy of all hotels in the nation, about eighteen thousand different conventions were held annually with a total attendance of about ten million persons.

P3: Nineteenth-century American hotelkeepers, who were no longer the genial, deferential “hosts” of the eighteenth-century European inn, became leading citizens. Holding a large stake in the community, they exercised power to make it prosper. As owners or managers of the local “palace of the public”, they were makers and shapers of a principal community attraction. Travelers from abroad were mildly shocked by this high social position.

1. The word “bound” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
(A) led

(B) protected

(C) tied

(D) strengthened

2. The National Republican party is mentioned in paragraph 1 as an example of a group
(A) from Baltimore

(B) of learned people

(C) owning a hotel

(D) holding a convention

3. The word “assembling” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to
(A) announcing

(B) motivating

(C) gathering

(D) contracting

4. The word “ones” in paragraph 2 refers to
(A) hotels

(B) conventions

(C) kinds

(D) representatives

5. The word “it” in paragraph 3 refers to
(A) European inn

(B) host

(C) community

(D) public

6. It can be inferred from the passage that early hotelkeepers in the United States were
(A) active politicians

(B) European immigrants

(C) Professional builders

(D) Influential citizens

7. Which of the following statements about early American hotels is NOT mentioned in the passage?
(A) Travelers from abroad did not enjoy staying in them.

(B) Conventions were held in them

(C) People used them for both business and pleasure.

(D) They were important to the community.

TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 47 from The Official Guide to the TOEFL Test
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