Vocabulary Practice 13: Presenting an argument
Exercise 1: Read the text below, in which somebody is trying to decide whether to go straight to university from school, or spend a year traveling around the world. Put their argument into the correct order, using the key words and expressions in bold to help you. The first one and last one have been done for you.
A. (1) I’m really in two minds about what to do when I leave school. Should I go straight to university or should I spend a year traveling around the world?
B. It is often said that knowledge is the key to power, and I cannot disagree with this.
C. On the one hand, I would experience lots of different cultures.
D. Unfortunately, another point is that if I spent a year traveling I would need a lot of money.
E. And I’m not alone in this opinion. Many consider a sound career and a good salary to be an important goal.
F. However, it could be argued that I would also meet lots of interesting people while I was traveling.
G. Secondly, if I go straight to university, I’ll learn so many things that will help me in my future life.
H. First of all, there are so many benefits to going straight to university.
I. But I believe that it would be easy to make a bit while I was traveling, giving English lessons or working in hotels and stores.
J. Moreover, I’ll be able to take part in the social activities that the university offers, and meet lots of new friends who share the same interests.
K. The most important point is that the sooner I get my qualifications, the quicker I’ll get a job and start earning.
L. Nevertheless, these inconveniences would be an inevitable part of traveling and would be greatly outweighed by the other advantages.
M. In my opinion, starting work and making money is one of the most important things in life.
N. On the other hand, I could end up suffering from culture shock, homesickness, and some strange tropical diseases.
O. Furthermore, if I spent a year traveling, I would learn more about the world.
P. (16) All right, I’ve made my mind up. Now, where’s my nearest travel agency
Exercise 2. Using the key words and expressions in bold from the last exercise, present an argument for one of the following issues, or choose one of the essays from the Topics section of the book:
1. A government’s main priority is to provide education for its people.
2. The only way to save the environment is for governments to impose strict quotas on the energy we use (for example, by restricting car ownership, limiting the water we use).
3. Satisfaction in your job is more important than the money you earn.
4. Living in a town or city is better than living in the countryside.